Opioid Use Disorder

Amphetamines are a type of drug used to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and narcolepsy which is a sleep disorder. These are also used occasionally by doctors to treat other mental health disorders, however, the non-medical, recreational use refers to amphetamine use disorder. Amphetamine dependence is, a type of stimulant use disorder, which occurs when you require the drug to function normally on a daily basis. You will experience the symptoms of withdrawal if you are dependent and you suddenly stop using the drug.

Overview

Amphetamine use disorder can be a challenge to treat. You might relapse even after getting the treatment and start consuming amphetamines again. Taking part in a 12-step treatment program and having individual counseling might minimize your chances of relapse and improve your recovery chances.

Dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine are the two most common types of amphetamines. These are at times sold unlawfully. Both prescribed and street amphetamines can be used for abuse and cause amphetamine use disorder. Methamphetamine however is the most commonly misused amphetamine.

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What are the symptoms of amphetamine dependence?

If you are amphetamine dependent, you might:

  • miss school or work
  • not perform the assigned tasks as well
  • not eat properly and lose a lot of weight
  • have severe dental issues
  • find it difficult to stop the consumption of amphetamines
  • go through withdrawal symptoms if you do not use amphetamines
  • have episodes of ferocity and mood disorders
  • have insomnia, anxiety, or paranoia
  • feel mixed up
  • have auditory or visual hallucinations
  • have misbeliefs, such as having a sensation that something is crawling under your skin

Causes of amphetamine use disorder:

Regular consumption of amphetamines for a long period of time can lead you towards dependence. Some people might become dependent faster than others. You might become amphetamine-dependent if you consume these drugs without a recommendation. You can also become dependent if you take more than the prescribed amount as a medicine. There is also a chance to develop an amphetamine use disorder even while taking the amphetamines according to your doctor’s recommendation.

Prevention of Amphetamine use disorder:

Drug awareness programs might minimize the probabilities for amphetamine use or a setback, however, the results of the study are mixed. Psychological counseling for emotional support and family support can also be of benefit. On the other hand, none of these steps are proven to prevent amphetamine use disorder in everyone.

Complications of amphetamine use disorder:

Consistent amphetamine use disorder and dependence can lead to:

  • Death
  • Brain damage, involving symptoms that look a lot like Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, or epilepsy
  • Overdose

Diagnosis of Amphetamine use disorder:

To diagnose the amphetamine use disorder, the doctor might:

  • Ask you about how much and for how long have you been consuming amphetamines
  • Suggest blood tests to identify amphetamines in your blood
  • Perform a physical exam and tests to identify health problems occurring due to the use of amphetamine

You might have amphetamine use disorder if you have experienced three or more of the following symptoms within the same period of 12 months:

  • Drug tolerance

You have built up a tolerance for the drug if you need larger and larger doses of amphetamines to achieve the same effect that lower doses of the drug used to create for you.

  • Your mental health is being compromised

Withdrawal can be characterized by:

  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Paranoia
  • Violence
  • Strong cravings

You might require to use a related drug to get rid of or to avoid the symptoms of amphetamine withdrawal.

  • Incapability to stop minimize the use

You might be unproductive at decreasing or stopping your consumption of amphetamines. You may keep on craving the stimulant regardless of the fact that you know these are causing continuous or recurring psychological or physical issues.

  • Changes in lifestyle

You avoid going out to most of the social, recreational, or work-related activities due to your amphetamine use disorder.

Who’s at risk of developing amphetamine use disorder?

You may be at a greater risk of having amphetamine use disorder if you:

  • Have an easy approach to amphetamines
  • Have anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, depression, or schizophrenia
  • Have a stressful lifestyle
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Treatment of Amphetamine use disorder:

Treatments for amphetamine use disorder might involve a combination of the following:

  • Hospitalization:

If you experience very severe cravings for drugs, it might be easier for you to go through the amphetamine withdrawal symptoms in a hospital setting under the supervision of medical specialists. Hospitalization might also assist if you have negative mood changes, including violent behavior and suicidal tendency.

  • Psychological treatment:

Individual counseling, group therapy, and family therapy can help you to:

  • Recognize the feelings related to amphetamine use
  • Learn multiple coping methods
  • Restore the relationships with your family and loved ones
  • Develop plans to avoid amphetamine use in future
  • Finding out activities you enjoy rather than consuming amphetamine
  • Get support from people like you i.e. those having amphetamine use disorder as they can understand what you are going through, at times in a 12-step treatment program
  • Medication for amphetamine use disorder:

The health care professional might suggest medication to lessen the intensity of severe symptoms of withdrawal. Some doctors might prescribe naltrexone to help with your cravings for amphetamine. Your doctor may also suggest other medications to help get rid of the symptoms of depression, aggression, and anxiety i.e. anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications as well.