Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a mental disorder defined by an established pattern of being fixated on oneself, which pervades the sufferer’s ideas, feelings, and behaviors, as well as their interactions with others. Those with Narcissistic Personality Disorder experience feelings of grandeur and devaluation of others on a regular and daily basis.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Overview

The term “narcissism” is often used to describe someone who is obsessed with themselves. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is one of the personality disorders in which someone showcases narcissistic characteristics. This has an impact on how they imagine, act, and interact with those around them.

A person who has Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) may have an idealized self-image and an exaggerated feeling of entitlement. These characteristics may suggest that underneath they lack self-confidence and a profound sense of vulnerability that they are unaware of. Narcissistic Personality Disorder often occurs presents itself during adolescence or young adult years. It is more common in men than women.


Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) Symptoms

People with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) have a unique perspective on themselves that differs significantly from that of others. The common symptoms of this disorder include:

  • Desire to be noticed, valued, and admired
  • An inordinate feeling of self-importance
  • Excessive superiority complex
  • The rule conversations
  • Ridicule and degrade the ones they consider inferior
  • Lives in a dream world that feeds their grandiose fantasies.
  • Display tremendous charisma but then become furious fast
  • Take advantage of others without remorse
  • Belittle others and attack with bullying
  • Unwilling to empathize with other’s emotions
  • Expect favorable treatment

Fewer characteristics may be related to narcissism in a less evident way.

  • Relationships are tough to sustain
  • Anxiousness
  • Disposed to suspect easily
  • Feel alone and humiliated even after the slightest criticism
  • Feel down and irritable because they fall farther behind

Risk factors and complications of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)

More males are prone to develop Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) than females. It usually begins during the adolescent years.

Complications of Narcissistic Personality Disorder , as well as other disorders that might arise in conjunction with it, might include:

  • Work or school-related issues
  • Poor mental health
  • Anxiety/stress
  • Exploit of drugs or alcohol
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Other personality issues

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Causes (NPD)

The cause of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is uncertain and can be complicated because it coincides with the development of specific personality characteristics and possibly other mental health issues. The following conditions may be associated with Narcissistic Personality Disorder:

Genetic Factors

As with certain psychological disorders, it is considered that a person is susceptible to developing Narcissistic Personality Disorder through genetics and neurobiology.

Environmental Factors

According to some researchers, parenting style may play a vital role in the development of this disorder. Parents sometimes become overprotective or completely neglectful. A child facing this can develop Narcissistic Personality Disorder.  

Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

People with Narcissistic Personality Disorder are reluctant to seek any treatment or therapy. However, perceived insults to their self-esteem may make it tough for them to acknowledge and seek or adhere to treatment. 


The main treatment for individuals with Narcissistic Personality Disorder is consistent long-term psychotherapy. The narcissistic tendencies can be overcome with the help of an empathic and qualified therapist, but only if the individual is motivated for positive change. Through therapy a person can:

  • Begin to understand how to create intimate relationships
  • Comprehend the root reasons for their personal behavior
  • Better and efficiently regulate their emotions
  • Boost their self-esteem
  • Learn to accept responsibility for the consequences of their actions
  • Actually, recognize the bad influence of their actions on others

Types of psychotherapy that may help are:

  • Family therapy
  • Group therapy
  • (CBT) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Adlerian Psychotherapy