Facts to be known about Addiction:
In simple words addiction / addictive disorder is defined as a persistent, repetitive behavioral disorder characterized by obsessive seeking of drugs and non-stop use of stuff no matter how harmful the consequences might be and it causes long term changes in the brain. It is considered as both a psychological illness and a combination of brain disorders. There are many examples of addiction e.g. addiction of mobile use, nail biting etc.
Addiction is a biopsychosocial condition regarded as repetitive engagement in a behavior such as lying, stealing and gambling etc. regardless of damage it produces to one’s own self and others. It is the changing of reality to make it more bearable. Addiction is a primary disease, which has an emotional impact on the brain, made up of a collection of signs and symptoms. Precisely, it influences the area of the brain that deals with reward, motivation and memory. Addiction changes the way in which body responds to a stimulus or reward. Also, it includes an obsessive habit to strive for those rewards. The origin of the addiction is due to Social, Biological, Psychosocial and Genetic factors. Researches have shown that there are neurochemical changes involved in the brains of people with addictive behaviors and biogenetic tendency also is also present to give rise to the disease. However addiction is a curable disease and the treatment is possible. Two of the most common types of addictions involve the mobile phone addiction and coffee addiction which both include the over consumption of both dangerously above the recommended level
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What are the factors that are leading you towards addictive behaviors?
You know you are addicted when you find yourself unable to follow a habit which involves repetitive behavior. There are many causes of addictive behaviors, you might be affected by several of them at the same time and some of the causative factors of addiction are given below:
⦁ Relief of stress
⦁ To relax
⦁ Family history of addiction
⦁ Early use of drugs
⦁ To relieve pain
⦁ Increased energy
⦁ Neglect, abuse or other traumatic experiences in childhood
⦁ Pressure from peers
⦁ Mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety
⦁ To escape the reality
⦁ For sake of recreation / pleasure
⦁ To boost the self-esteem
The 5 c’s of Addiction:
⦁ Loss of control
⦁ Use (of substance) despite of its negative consequences
What are the different types of addiction?
There are different kinds of addictions you might struggle with in your life. These different types of addictions are often categorized as either drug addictions, behavioral addictions or substance addictions.
Behavioral addictions: It is the obsessive nature of the conduct that is often suggestive of a behavioral addiction, or process addiction. Behavioral addictions at times come out suddenly and when it is least predictable.
⦁ Gambling addiction
⦁ Food addiction
⦁ Shopping addiction
⦁ Exercise addiction
⦁ Gaming addiction
⦁ Sex and love addiction
⦁ Porn addiction
⦁ Social media addiction
⦁ Habit of doing something useless / insane repetitively e.g. nail biting, making paper balls, smelling other persons, playing with hair and chewing bubble gums all the time.
Substance addiction usually includes utilization of a substance for sake of satisfaction, it usually includes the involvement of following types of substances:
⦁ Recreational drugs addiction, which involves Drug abuse i.e. intake of Hallucinogens, Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroin, Amphetamines and inhalants using these drugs reduces the level of stress for the time being, by making you feel light and euphoric.
⦁ Prescription drug addiction which is referred as using a prescription medication in a manner other than that your doctor has prescribed, i.e. using over the counter drugs such as multi vitamins and pain killers for no serious reason.
⦁ Alcohol addiction
⦁ Use of different substances for physical and sexual pleasure.
What are the effects of addiction?
Addictions can have different types of affects that might be categorized as pleasing effects such as satisfaction, pleasure and stress reduction etc. and negative effects of addiction involve distressing you, your family, and the society in specific, measurable ways involving financial burden, loss of productivity, waste of time, impairment in physical and mental health and reduced quality of life. Specific effects of drug addiction include increased crime, increased violence, nausea, reduced appetite, confusion, obsession, abuse and neglect of children, sleep issues, anxiety, dependence on non-familial support systems for survival and expenses for treatment.
What are the common signs of addiction?
These signs are further classified into 4 categories given as follows:
⦁ Relationship issues
⦁ Sleep disturbances
⦁ Decline in work performance
⦁ Abusive behavior
⦁ Criminal record
⦁ Weight loss
⦁ Weight gain
⦁ Body aches
Are you among the stake holders of addiction?
Risk factors of Addiction involve the aspects which can foretell your chances of getting addict in future some of the common factors are:
⦁ Family history of addiction:
40-60% of addicts have a family history of addiction, genetics play a major role in addictive behaviors.
⦁ Family Life:
If a child gets to see poor family environment, negligence and traumatic behaviours during childhood it increases their chances to become an addict.
⦁ School life and friends:
Friendships and company during early teenage can impact on your addiction risk.
⦁ Early consumption of Drugs:
The earlier you take a mood-altering substance, the more likely it becomes that you will develop a disorder of substance abuse addiction.
The manner in which you absorb and process compounds can determine the impact a drug will have on your body and the sensation it causes.
High levels of stress may increase your risk of turning to a substance, such as alcohol or marijuana addict to reduce stress.
⦁ The mode of delivery:
The way in which you take a drug can impact the development of your addiction. E.g. injecting substances and smoking means that the brain receives their influence in a matter of seconds.
⦁ The nature of addictive substance:
Some drugs, such as nicotine or heroin contain particular components or set off receptors in your body that can trigger your addictive responses sometimes only by having a single dose
How to identify your addictive behaviors:
Sudden changes in your behavior can be indicative of addiction, some of the common behavioral changes are
⦁ Poor work performance
⦁ Secretive behaviors
⦁ Impulsive behavior
⦁ Unexplained anxiety
⦁ Lack of motivation
When to seek help:
We all have addictions but it is not always worrisome if your addiction is not dangerous in nature and is under control but if your addiction is out of control or causing serious problems you should get help. The sooner you look for help, the better are your chances for a long lasting recovery. Talk to your health care specialist or visit a psychologist if:
⦁ You can’t stop using a drug.
⦁ You continue to practice addictive behavior despite of the harm it causes.
⦁ Your addiction has led to an unsafe behavior, such as using needles or having unprotected sex.
⦁ You are having withdrawal symptoms after stopping the consumption of drug.
⦁ You are getting overdosed
⦁ You have trouble breathing
⦁ You are having seizures
⦁ You have concentration issues
⦁ You have physiological ailments i.e. possible signs of heart or liver disease or any other emergency situation caused as a reaction to your addiction.
How can you prevent addiction?
Addictive behavior can be prevented by
⦁ Awareness of harmful effects of addictive behaviors
⦁ Strengthened support systems
⦁ Psychological counselling
⦁ Practicing self-care
⦁ Staying close to family and friends
⦁ Consuming time in positive activities
⦁ Learning about healthy comping skills
Treatment of addiction:
Addiction is a complex but curable issue that influences the brain function and behavior. No specific treatment is effective for everyone some of the
⦁ Behavioral / Psychological counselling.
⦁ Medical devices to treat the symptoms of drug withdrawal.
⦁ Treatment and assessment for psychological issues arising at the same time such as anxiety and depression.
⦁ Long-term continuation of treatment to prevent re-occurrence.
⦁ Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy it can support you to understand your negative thoughts and provide you means to win against the feelings of self-harm.
⦁ Contingency Management (CM) this therapy supports your positive conduct by offering rewards
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