What is Conversion Disorder?

Conversion disorder, also known as functional neurological symptom disorder, is a condition in which the brain and nerves of the body are unable to send and receive signals properly. Blindness, paralysis, or other nervous systems (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation characterize a person with conversion disorder.

Overview

The exact number of people who suffer from conversion disorder is unknown. According to some estimates, there are 2 to 5 patients with ongoing symptoms for every 100,000 patients seen each year.
Symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. They might vanish as quickly as they appeared. The majority of the time, they aren’t fatal. However, if you don’t seek treatment, it can have a long-term impact on your quality of life.

Conversion Disorder

Symptoms of Conversion Disorder

Conversion disorder symptoms usually appear suddenly and mimic nervous system problems (brain, spinal cord, or other nerves).
• Loss of vision, double vision, and light sensitivity are some of them.
Weakness or paralysis of the limbs
• Slurred or stuttered speech, loss of voice
• Inability to coordinate movements
• Problems with memory and cognition
• Migraines and headaches
• Loss of olfactory perception
Suffering from chronic pain
• Loss of touch sensation
• Hearing impairment
• Tingling or numbness in the limbs, body, or face
• Convulsions, blackouts, and fainting
• Tremors and muscle spasms
• Sleep issues
• Bladder overactivity
• Hallucinations

Causes of Conversion Disorder

Conversion disorder is caused by a variety of factors. Instead, researchers believe that there are a variety of risk factors and/or triggers that can lead to conversion disorder. Conversion disorder can be triggered by the body’s reaction to psychological trauma or a stressful event, according to one of the most commonly reported scenarios. Other doctors and researchers believe that conversion disorder can be triggered by a physical injury, infection, migraine, or panic attacks. Many researchers are beginning to believe that regardless of the trigger, symptoms appear to “stick” rather than improve. Then there are the functional issues.

Risk factors of Conversion Disorder

Conversion disorder can strike at any age, but it is most common between the ages of adolescence and early adulthood. Women are more likely to suffer from conversion disorder. The psychiatric disease is present in about two-thirds of patients, with depression and trauma being the most common. Personality disorders are a common occurrence as well.

Complications of Conversion Disorder

Conversion disorder symptoms can be extremely stressful and have a significant impact on a person’s well-being. Symptoms may make it difficult for individuals to go about their daily lives. Seizures or transient paralysis, for example, can raise a person’s risk of permanent disability. A person’s quality of life may be lowered as a result of troubles at work and in relationships. As a result, it’s critical to get a diagnosis and treatment as soon as feasible.

Prevention of Conversion Disorder

Finding effective ways to manage life’s challenges is the greatest way to avoid conversion disorder. Exercising and relaxing activities such as yoga and meditation may be beneficial.
If you have a mental health problem, make sure you see your doctor on a regular basis and take your prescriptions as prescribed.

Diagnosis of Conversion Disorder

The American Psychiatric Association has established a list of criteria for diagnosing conversion disorder:
• They impair your ability to move or perceive things, and you have no control over them.
• You aren’t deceiving them.
• No other ailment, medication, or behavior can account for them.
• They aren’t the result of another mental health issue.
• They induce anxiety in social and professional situations.
The following tests are frequently used to investigate a conversion disorder diagnosis:
• Medical history and examination.
• Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
• Electroencephalogram (EEG) (electroencephalogram).

Diagnosis of Conversion Disorder

The American Psychiatric Association has established a list of criteria for diagnosing conversion disorder:
• They impair your ability to move or perceive things, and you have no control over them.
• You aren’t deceiving them.
• No other ailment, medication, or behavior can account for them.
• They aren’t the result of another mental health issue.
• They induce anxiety in social and professional situations.
The following tests are frequently used to investigate a conversion disorder diagnosis:
• Medical history and examination.
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
• Electroencephalogram (EEG) (electroencephalogram).